Dysgraphia is a learning disability that affects writing abilities. It can manifest itself as difficulties with spelling, poor handwriting and trouble putting thoughts on paper. Because writing requires a complex set of motor and information processing skills, saying a student has dysgraphia is not sufficient. A student with disorders in written expression will benefit from specific accommodations in the learning environment, as well as additional practice learning the skills required to be an accomplished writer.

Several types of agraphia include:

The different types of dysgraphia include:

Dysgraphia symptoms

Dysgraphia can cause different symptoms at different ages in children.

Symptoms also depend on the type of dysgraphia a person experiences. Some people may have only impaired handwriting or only impaired spelling, while others will have both.

Signs and symptoms may include:

Those with dysgraphia often have other learning disabilities or mental health issues. Sometimes, the challenge of living with dysgraphia can lead to anxiety and low self-esteem.


Developmental dysgraphia

Experts donít know what causes developmental dysgraphia.

They do know that children with dysgraphia often have other developmental disorders.

They may also have difficulty learning how to write despite getting adequate instruction in school and having the appropriate cognitive level to learn.

Acquired dysgraphia

Acquired dysgraphia happens when something disrupts your brainís pathways. Things that can cause dysgraphia include: